Simplified layout of a micro hydro power plant.
Diversion: Collects the water separating out leaves, sticks, sand, mud and other debris.
Penstock: Pipe that carries water from the diversion down to the turbine.
Stream: Flowing water energy resource measured in head and flow rate.
Pelton Wheel Turbine: Device that converts the kinetic energy of the water into rotational motion.
Electrical Generator: Converts the rotational motion into usable electricity.
Tail Race: Channel to return the power generating water back to the stream.